Sunday, November 30, 2008
Treadmills? And Showers? Oh My ... [:-)
[ http://chronicle.com/techtherapy/ ]
Up-and-comers discuss what will change and what needs to change
Chronicle of Higher Education / Information Technology / Volume 54, Issue 8, Page A28
By SCOTT CARLSON
Most people are familiar with the stereotype of librarians. They are twenty- or thirtysomethings, with tattoos, cat's-eye glasses, and vintage clothes, schmoozing with famous authors, and playing DJ at parties in Brooklyn.
Whether young librarians are hip or dowdy doesn't matter. What matters is what they think about the future of the library, particularly at academic institutions.
Libraries are facing a series of immense challenges: the explosion of information, a rapidly changing technological environment, shrinking budgets, pitched battles over copyright, a new world of information literacy, and continuing deficiencies in old-fashioned literacy.
This month The Chronicle contacted eight librarians under 40 and asked them a series of questions about the future of their profession, including: [snip]
What is the future of the book? / Will there be a reference desk — yes or no? / What information services will be performed by libraries in the future, and what information services will be performed by companies and nonprofit groups? / Should the relationship between libraries and publishers change? If so, how? / Does the library profession need to diversify and draw from different populations? / What is one thing that libraries are doing right, and one thing that libraries are doing wrong? / How well did your library-science education prepare you for the field today? / What will the academic library look like in the future?
Here is what they said ………….................................
Companion Audio Interviews: Young Librarians Discuss the Future of Their Profession
- Joe Sanchez, U. of Texas at Austin / Libraries in virtual worlds will join physical libraries.
- Susan Gibbons, U. of Rochester / Library schools need to update their curricula.
- Nick Baker, Williams College / Companies like Google will bring "new blood" to libraries.
- Casey Bisson, Plymouth State U. / Libraries need to be more than community centers.
- Jessamyn C. West, Librarian.net / Librarians are not very "change oriented" as a culture.
- Sarah Kostelecky, Institute of American Indian Arts / Diversity is important to the library profession.
- Char Booth, Ohio U. / There will always be a need for librarians.
- Brian Mathews, Georgia Institute of Technology /There's too much "bandwagon jumping" with new technology.
Wednesday, November 19, 2008
Google Resurrects Life Magazine Images
Google has opened up the Life magazine photo archives, launching an online photo gallery that offers millions of pictures that have gone unviewed for decades.
Google launched the service on Tuesday as part of its image search function, starting with roughly two million photos stretching from the 1750s to today. Google added that it plans to enter all 10 million images from Life's photo library so that they can be viewed by anyone with an Internet connection. That's a boon, considering Life has said that more than 95 percent of its photo archive has never been publicly viewed or published in the magazine
"This effort to bring offline images online was inspired by our mission to organize all the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful," Google software engineer Paco Galanes wrote on Google's blog. Galanes continued: "This collection of newly digitized images includes photos and etchings produced and owned by Life dating all the way back to the 1750s."
Life was established as a magazine in 1883 and eventually ceased publication in 2006.
Along with displaying the images online, Google said they can be printed for free as long as they are not being used to make money. Life's parent company, Time Warner, however, plans to sell high-resolution prints of the work though Qoop.com.
Posted by Andrew R Hickey at 3:19 PM
Monday, November 17, 2008
Project Rationale: Technical reports are a means of communicating the progress of research in fields of technology and science; they are used to communicate information for technical development throughout industry and throughout research institutions contributing to the continued development and growth of science and technology. These reports are highly detailed and contain valuable information serving specialized audiences of researchers. While availability and access to more recent (1994-current) technical report literature has greatly improved with delivery via the Internet, legacy technical report documents remain elusive to researchers. Most large research libraries across the country have sizeable collections of federally funded technical research reports—frequently a million or more reports ranging from several pages to several hundred pages. However, these collections, particularly legacy collections, are often difficult to identify and locate ... .
Pilot Project: The Pilot Project currently contains the following report series: NBS Monograph Series. Major contributions to the technical literature on various subjects related to the National Bureau of Standards and published between 1959 and 1982. These detailed reports include materials data, mathematical functions, time series, diffraction patterns, measurements, standards, methods and much more. Most of the data provided is from direct measurements. This series of technical reports is highly referenced with more than 2000 citations found in Web of Science alone. [snip]
TRAIL DATABASE [http://digicoll.manoa.hawaii.edu/techreports/index.php]
Committee Roster (By Institution)
Sinai Wood / Baylor University / Sinai_Wood@baylor.edu
Michael Culbertson /Colorado State University / firstname.lastname@example.org
Marie Waltz / College and Research Libraries / email@example.com
Jim Dildine / GWLA Program Officer / firstname.lastname@example.org
Alice Trussell / Kansas State University / email@example.com
John Phillips / Oklahoma State University / firstname.lastname@example.org
Esther Crawford / Rice University / email@example.com
Maliaca Oxnam (Chair) / University of Arizona / firstname.lastname@example.org
Patricia Kirkwood / University of Arkansas / email@example.com
Margaret Jobe / University of Colorado, Boulder / Margaret.Jobe@colorado.edu
Martha Chantiny / University of Hawaii at Manoa / firstname.lastname@example.org
Dan Barkley / University of New Mexico / email@example.com
Daureen Nesdill / University of Utah / firstname.lastname@example.org
Mel DeSart / University of Washington / email@example.com
Sunday, November 16, 2008
Early in 2009, the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) will launch a new program, the NTIS National Technical Reports Library (NTRL), to increase and improve its utility to users. NTRL, the definitive technical reports collection, will guarantee libraries and technical information professionals easy access and perpetual availability to the full text of documents from NTIS’ comprehensive collection of federally-funded technical reports. NTIS acquires, indexes, abstracts, and archives the largest collection of U.S. government-sponsored technical reports in existence. The NTRL will be a resource for scientific discovery and will be accessible and usable to the widest possible audience, including through IP Access. Access will require a subscription, priced to enable NTIS to recover its costs.
The NTRL Library will provide access to bibliographic records plus full text content from the desktop, making broader dissemination possible. It will focus on timeliness, comprehensiveness and current awareness by providing access to libraries. It will also allow free web search of titles from the NTIS website.
- NTRL Collection Development will:
- Focus on technical reports
- Guarantee perpetual availability
- Support document version control
- Aim for full text retrieval
- Increase historical depth
- Increased subject coverage
Donald H. Hagen
Office of Product and Program Management
National Technical Information Service
U.S. Department of Commerce
703-605-6142 / 703-888-9538 (cell)
On October 28, 2008, after several years of legal wrangling, Google, the Association of American Publishers (AAP), and the Authors Guild reached a settlement agreement concerning Google’s scanning of copyrighted works. The scanning of these works has been done in cooperation with research libraries throughout the United States. The settlement agreement requires court approval by the presiding judge in the U.S. District Court in New York because the case was brought as a class action suit on behalf of selected copyright owners.
In large part, the settlement focuses on in-copyright books that are not commercially available. Public domain works fall outside of the settlement and owners of commercially available, in-copyright books created prior to January 5, 2009, may opt-out of the settlement or opt-in to other terms with Google. As a part of the settlement agreement, Google will fund the establishment of the Book Rights Registry. The Registry, jointly run by authors and publishers, will collect and distribute royalties including an up-front payment by Google of $45 million. Users will have several new opportunities to access scanned books, both free and fee-based, via public and university libraries and through institutional subscriptions for academic, corporate, and government libraries and organizations.
PDF Full Text Available At
The Beauty of "Some Rights Reserved": Introducing Creative Commons to Librarians, Faculty, and Students
College & Research Library News / November 2008 /Vol. 69, No. 10 / Molly Kleinman
These are difficult times when it comes to copyright on campus. Big music companies are suing fans, publishers are suing librarians, and the principle of “fair use” is under siege everywhere. Litigation-happy content holders have fostered a climate of fear in which every student is a music pirate and every professor a book thief. While I don’t doubt that there is some copyright infringement happening on university campuses, the bigger problem by far is the chilling effect of all these lawsuits and “copyright awareness campaigns.”
Scholars and students are afraid to do the one thing that copyright law has intended from the beginning: “Promote the Progress of Science and the Useful Arts”1 by creating new works and building on the works of those who came before. Every academic librarian knows at least one sad story about a professor who couldn’t include necessary illustrations in her book because her publisher was worried about a copyright lawsuit, or a digitization project that couldn’t get approved because the copyright status of the materials was uncertain.
Additional problems result from major changes to copyright law over the last 40 years. Until recently, creators had to register their copyrights to receive protection and mark their works with a properly formatted copyright notice or the work entered automatically into the public domain, where anybody was free to reuse it however they wished.
That all changed in 1978, when the United States dropped the registration requirement; since then, copyright automatically occurs the moment a work is “fixed in a tangible medium of expression.” Now, every new work is copyrighted—lecture notes, e-mails, snapshots, doodles, presentation slides. [snip]
Enter Creative Commons
Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that created a set of simple, easy-to-understand copyright licenses. These licenses do two things: They allow creators to share their work easily, and they allow everyone to find work that is free to use without permission. The value of those two things is enormous. Before Creative Commons licenses, there was no easy way a creator could say, “Hey world! Go ahead and use my photographs, as long as you give me attribution.”
Source / Full Text Available
From The Latest Reference Librarian (49(2)) / 2008
 Text Messaging at Reference: A Preliminary Survey / Steven K. Profit
This article relates the results of a survey of academic libraries using text messaging as a means for delivering reference services. Information concerning the hardware, software, costs, staffing, hours of operation, service life, and patron use is presented.
Page Range: 129 - 134 / DOI: 10.1080/02763870802101328
 Second Life: A Tool for Reference and International Understanding / Christian van der Ven
The challenges that virtual reference staff volunteers in Second Life (SL) are facing are opportunities at the same time. There are a lot of differences between doing reference work in Real Life (RL/and in SL, but for the most part reference work in-world is quite the same as in the daily life of any reference specialist. In essence, that is. Of course new skills are needed, but this is just for now. In the end, working at a virtual reference desk, especially as one member on a team of international pioneers, is as exciting as it is new!
Page Range: 149 - 161 / DOI: 10.1080/02763870802101369
 Pencils Never Crash: The Thoughtful Integration of Technology for Reference Service / David C. Murray, Guest Columnist / iReference: Using Apple's iPhone as a Reference Tool
With eager buyers waiting in long lines to get one of their own, theiPhone burst onto the scene in the United States on June 29, 2007. Sincethen, Apple has garnered about 20% of the market for smart phones in itshome territory, despite the presence of the BlackBerry, Treo, and others.Aside from its unmatched industrial design and “coolness” factor, whatmakes the iPhone so special? And more importantly, are there ways wecould use it to deliver enhanced reference services? In this column, I’ll tryto answer these questions by sharing my experiences in putting the iPhone to the test as a reference device.
Page Range: 167 - 170 / DOI: 10.1080/02763870802101419
 Pending Friend Request: Reference Service Meets Online Social Networks / Kristina M. DeVoe, Column Editor / Choices Galore: Confirm, Deny, or Ignore
The growth and popularity of online social networking sites are undeniable. In the past few years, sites such as Facebook, MySpace, Ning, LinkedIn, Friendster, Flickr, Twitter, Second Life, and numerous others have burst onto the scene, capturing users’ attentions and imaginations.
Once the online destination of teenagers and college students, they have quickly become mainstream, shifting the demographic composition and the conversation. At their core, social networking sites allow users to increase and maintain personal interactions; people can find and interact with one another, share interests, make connections, and create content across multiple media forms.
Page Range: 179 - 181 DOI: 10.1080/02763870802101435
Full Text For All Articles Available Through Haworth
E-Science: Trends, Transformations & Responses
Convener and Moderator: Wendy Lougee, University Librarian, McKnight Presidential Professor, University of Minnesota
E-Science: Trends, Transformations & Responses
Chris Greer, Director National Coordination Office (NCO) for the multiagency Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program
A Case Study in E-Science: Building Ecological Informatics Solutions for Multi-Decadal Research
William Michener, Research Professor (Biology) and Associate Director, Long-Term Ecological Research Network Office, University of New Mexico
Making a Quantum Leap to eResearch Support
Rick Luce Vice Provost and Director of University Libraries, Emory University Libraries
Data Curation: Issues and Challenges
Convener and Moderator: James Mullins Dean of Libraries, Purdue University
Transition or Transform? Repositioning the Library for the Petabyte Era
Liz Lyon, Director, UKOLN
Research and Data
Fran Berman Director of the San Diego Supercomputer Center, UC San Diego, and Co-chair Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access
Data Curation Issues and Challenges
Sayeed Choudhury Associate Dean of University Libraries and Hodson Director of the Digital Research and Curation Center, Johns Hopkins University
Data Curation Panel
Pam Bjornson , Director-General, Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information
Supporting Virtual Organizations
Convener and Moderator: Wendy Lougee University Librarian, McKnight Presidential Professor, University of Minnesota
The Coming Age of Virtual Organizations: The Early History and Future of Geographically Distributed Collaboration
Thomas A. Finholt, Director, Collaboratory for Research on Electronic Work (CREW) and Research Professor & Associate Dean for Research and Innovation, School of Information, University of Michigan
Cyberinfrastructure for Discovery, Learning, and Engagement: The nanoHUB Experience
Mark Lundstrom Don and Carol Scifres Distinguished Professor, Director, Network for Computational Nanotechnology, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University
Reactor Panel: Supporting the Virtual Organization: A Role for Libraries?
Medha Devare Life Sciences and Bioinformatics Librarian, Mann Library, Cornell University
Reactor Panel: Supporting the Virtual Organization
D. Scott Brandt Associate Dean for Research, Purdue University Library
Lessons & New Roles: the Experience of Health Sciences Libraries
Convener and Moderator: Neil Rambo, Acting Associate Dean of University of Washington Libraries and Acting Director of the University of Washington Health Sciences Libraries
Linda Watson, President, Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries and Director, Health Sciences Libraries, University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Betsy L. Humphreys, Deputy Director, National Library of Medicine
Education for New Roles
What does the science library/informatics professional need to know and be able to do?
Convener and Moderator: Betsy Wilson, Dean of University Libraries, University of Washington
Education for Cyberscholarship
Ron Larsen Dean and Professor, School of Information Sciences, University of Pittsburgh
Reinventing Science Librarianship: Education for New Roles
Catherine Blake Assistant Professor, School of Information and Library Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Preparing e-Science Information Specialists: New Programs and Professionals
Carole L. Palmer, Associate Professor, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Summary Reactor Panel
Convener and Moderator: Wendy Lougee, University Librarian, McKnight Presidential Professor, University of Minnesota
Carol Mandel, Dean of the Division of Libraries, New York University
Becky Lyon, Deputy Associate Director for Library Operations, National Library of Medicine
Neil Rambo, Acting Associate Dean of University of Washington Libraries and Acting Director of the University of Washington Health Sciences Libraries
Summation and Closing Observations
Clifford Lynch, Executive Director, Coalition for Networked Information
Posters on Display
Fifteen libraries contributed fourteen posters for display at the forum to showcase their organizations’ work in science librarianship. The posters are described in three categories: Tools, Programs and Services, and Organizational Models.
LibQUAL+® in the Sciences
Highlights LibQUAL+® survey responses from faculty, graduate students, and undergraduates in science/math, engineering/computer science, and health sciences across 302 libraries (including 53 ARL libraries). Reports library users’ perceptions and expectations of service quality and information literacy outcomes, such as contribution of the library to advancing in a discipline. Also reports use of the library premises, Web site, and non-library information gateways. Notably, ratings of information literacy outcomes have risen since 2004 across all user groups.